Storage mites. Can be found living in and on poorly stored food and grains. They can be present in kitchen floor dust, cupboards, and pantries and cause allergy and occupational respiratory disease in those who handle grains such as farm workers and bakers. Although there are over approximately 150 species in this group only about 20 can be considered important in economic and health terms. The most well studied of these mites are 'Blomia tropicalis', because of its abundance in tropical and subtropical regions and 'Lepidoglyphus destructor,' which is commonly found in barns. A short list of well-studied storage mites known to be allergenic includes, 'Acarus siro', 'Glycyphagus domesticus', 'Tyrophagus putrescentiae', 'Aleuroglyphus ovatus', 'Suidasia medanensis' and 'Thyreophagus entomophagus'. Many allergens from storage mites have been described as pan-allergens, allergens that may cross species. Active enzymes, from the droppings of storage mites, attack the outer shell of grains resulting in mould growth. This makes the grain easier for the mite to eat.
Warning! A recent discovery (2013) found that the common house dust mite was, at some stage in evolution, a parasite living on the skin of warm blooded animals but switched to become a scavenger. It's former occupation was said to be similar to the life style of the Sheep Mange Mite.
'Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy', Fourth Edition, 2008, Chapter 10, Mite Allergens, E Fernandez-Caldas, L Puerta, L Caraballo, R F Lockey; p 161-182; Publisher, Taylor and Francis
Clin. Allergy Immuol, 2008; 21: 161-182
'Is Permanent Parasitism Reversible?, Critical Evidence from Early Evolution of House Dust Mites', Pavel B Kilmov, Barry O'Connor, 'Oxford University Press" on behalf of the Society of Systemic Biologists (2013) doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syt008